FAQ on departure conditions and formalities
Like Germany, Spain in a signatory of the Schengen Agreement. In order to enter Germany and Spain it is thus sufficient to apply for 1 Schengen visa.
The question as to which of several places of residence is considered the principal place of residence is only relevant under German law if a resident maintains several residences within Germany. Residences abroad are not taken into consideration. If a person with a residence abroad maintains only one residence in Germany, this residence is considered his or her only and thus principle domestic residence.
In your case, you will maintain one German residence for the duration of your stay abroad, which means you do not need to cancel or transfer your registration, or have your identity card changed. The case would be different if you were to give up your domestic residence for the duration of your research stay. In this case you would have to notify the authorities of your departure and your identity card would be marked: "Kein Wohnsitz im Inland" (No domestic residence).
A J1 visa is a Non-Immigrant Visa (NIV). It is required by nationals of third countries who wish to enter the USA for a temporary visit and is essentially designed for exchange students, doctoral students and fellows.
Apart from a J1 visa there is also an H-1B visa which is another type of NIV. The H-1B visa is a temporary employment visa which allows many foreign occupational groups such as engineers, researchers, computer specialists etc. to work in the USA. In principle, this category is open to everyone with an academic education (or the equivalent). In order to apply, the applicant must have a concrete employment offer. It should be noted that the H-1B visa is subject to numerical limits.
In order to apply for a J1 visa you will first have to obtain Form DS-2019 certifying eligibility. This form is issued by a non-immigrant visa unit authorised by the US Department of State (DOS). Processing can take between six and eight weeks. Only once you have received Form DS-2019 will you be able to apply for a visa and an appointment for an interview at a US Consulate.
You can apply for Non-Immigrant Visas (NIV) at the consulates in Berlin, Frankfurt or Munich. The application consists of different forms (e.g. Form DS-2019, SEVIS I-901 fee receipt) which can initially be submitted online, or filled in at home, and must be brought along to your personal interview at the respective consulate.
The waiting time for an interview date varies from consulate to consulate and is usually between 15 and 20 working days.
Processing applications normally takes five to seven working days from the date of interview. During the busy periods around Christmas and in the summer, however, it can take up to 14 days. It may take even longer if, for example, the documentation is not complete.
If your J-1 visa has expired and you remain in the USA until the end of the fellowship period without leaving the country, you only need a valid (possibly extended) Form DS-2019 for the time remaining.
However, if you have to/wish to leave the country you must extend your visa before it expires. You cannot apply in person to extend your visa in the USA itself, although it may be possible to make an appointment to submit your application personally at a US Consulate in a neighbouring country (Canada, Mexico).
The other alternative is to send the application for an extension (including all the documentation) directly to the responsible US Consulate in Germany.
The marital partners and unmarried, underage children of those holding a J1 visa are eligible to apply for a J-2 visa. Family members must fulfil all the requirements for a visa to be issued, including proof that they have sufficient financial means to cover living expenses in the USA and that they will leave the country at the end of the programme. Unmarried partners are not eligible to apply for a J-2 visa.
Those who hold a J2 visa can apply to the USCIS (United States Citizenship and Immigration Services) for a work permit (form I-765). This application can only be submitted once you have entered the country; processing takes two to three months.
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