NAME DER EINRICHTUNGLeading unit: International Environmental Doctoral School associated with the Centre for Polar Studies at the University of Silesia in Katowice (IEDS) – Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences, Sopot
TYP DER FÖRDERUNGFunding
KARRIERESTUFEFirst Stage Researcher (R1) (Up to the point of PhD)
1. MSc in biology with specialization in oceanography/marine biology/molecular ecology/microbiology
2. Basic experience in molecular techniques (DNA extraction, PCR, High-throughput sequencing)
3. Strong interest in bioinformatic and biostatistics tools for analysis of DNA sequence data
4. High motivation for scientific work
5. Very good English written and verbal communication skills
6. Additional advantage: (co-)authorship of scientific paper and/or conference presentation
7. Experience in field research and research cruises will be appreciated
1. Preparation and conducting fieldwork, participation in research cruises in the Nordic Seas and Arctic
2. Collecting water samples and surface sediment samples for environmental DNA metabarcoding
3. Collecting sediment samples for paleogenomic analyses
4. Environmental DNA extraction, PCR amplification, Preparation of metabarcoding libraries for high-throughput sequencing
5. Analysis of metabarcoding data
6. Data integration and biostatistics analyses
7. Writing scientific publications
8. Presentation of the results at international scientific conferences
Artic marine ecosystems are radically changing due to global warming. The impact of rapidly increasing sea surface temperature (SST) and retreating sea-ice on modern Arctic marine biodiversity has been extensively studied. However, much less is known about the evolution of Arctic biodiversity in postglacial period, especially regarding the impact of past climate change on the diversity of microbial eukaryotes and meiofauna (animals < 1mm), which play a crucial ecological role at the base of Arctic food webs.
In this project we will use environmental DNA metabarcoding applied to modern and fossil marine sediments collected at Svalbard, Greenland and Jan Mayen shelfs to reconstruct the history of marine life in Nordic Seas during the last 20’000 years. We will analyze water and surface sediment samples to check how well the extant marine diversity is preserved in sedimentary DNA archives. Then, we will analyze sedimentary ancient DNA (sedaDNA) preserved in selected sediment cores in order to explore biodiversity changes in Nordic Seas over time. By using multiple genetic markers, we will follow changes in composition of different groups of organisms, from microalgae to other single-cell eukaryotes and animals. We will integrate these historical biodiversity data with the information about environmental change provided by classical palaeoceanographic proxies. The results of our study will help understanding how the marine organisms responded to climate change in the past and whether this response is similar to what we observe today. In particular, we will analyze the impact of climate change on biodiversity during the mid-Holocene Thermal Maximum, about 5’000-9’000 years ago and compare it to the current global warming.
The main scientific objective of the dissertation will be to test the hypothesis that the past increase of sea surface temperature in Nordic Seas was associated with the increase of biodiversity, lower productivity and reduced carbon burial.
What is funded
One scholarship: 3500 PLN per month throughout the 36 months (3 years), with the possibility of extension for 12 months.
Start date: October 2020.
3 years (6 semesters), with the possibility of extension for 12 additional months, from October 2020
The PhD position is available at within the cross-disciplinary research project “Sedimentary ancient DNA - a new proxy to investigate the impact of environmental change on past and present biodiversity in Nordic Seas (NEEDED)”, funded through the Norway and EEA Grants 2014–2021 under the Basic Research Programme operated by the National Science Centre.
According to this position Candidate must become a PhD student at the International Environmental Doctoral School associated with the Centre for Polar Studies at the University of Silesia in Katowice (IEDS). Title of PhD project: Ancient environmental DNA: a new proxy of paleobiodiversity'.
Information about applying procedure at IEDS is available on the sites:
2. Requirements and regulations: www.mssd.us.edu.pl/kandydat-mssd/
3. Registration: www.irk.us.edu.pl
The responsibility for the funding offers published on this website, including the funding description, lies entirely with the publishing institutions. The application is handled uniquely by the employer, who is also fully responsible for the recruitment and selection processes.